Caplan’s Seven Characteristics of Effective Coping Behavior
- Actively exploring reality issues and searching for information
- Freely expressing both positive and negative feelings and tolerating frustration.
- Actively invoking help from others.
- Breaking problems into manageable bits and working through them one at a time.
- Being aware of fatigue and pacing coping efforts while maintaining control in as many areas of functioning as possible.
- Mastering feelings where possible; being flexible and willing to change.
- Trusting in oneself and others and having a basic optimism about the outcome.
Source: Caplan, G. (1964), Principles of preventive psychiatry. New York: Basic Books.